Mawei, Fuzhou, near the Gushan Mountain and by the Minjiang River, is the birthplace of China's Chuanzheng culture (Note: Chuanzheng refers to the first large-scale mechanized shipbuilding enterprise in China.) and the cradle of modern navy. Fujian shipbuilding industry has a long history and "Fuchuan Ship" is one of Chinese "four great ancient ships". The establishment of Fujian Chuanzheng by the Qing government in 1866 and Xiamen dock company by British merchants in 1858 made a start of Fujian modern shipbuilding industry and made outstanding contributions to China's modern aircraft manufacturing and shipbuilding, naval construction and technology talent cultivation.
In 1842, the fire of the Western powers broke the gate of Fuzhou. Undergoing war turmoil, Fuzhou people have meditated, explored, pursued, screamed and struggled for more than a century. In 1866 (the fifth year of Tongzhi , Qing Dynasty), Fujian and Zhejiang Governor Zuo Zongtang founded Fujian Chuanzheng in Mawei, Fuzhou, vigorously launched movements that make our country rich and build up our military power, such as shipyards and warship building, aircraft manufacturing, school running, talent introduction, school children study abroad designation and so on, cultivating a number of outstanding Chinese modern industrial technology talent and naval officers. They have been active in modern China's military, cultural, technological, diplomatic, economic and other fields, following closely the pace of the world's advanced countries then, to promote the emergence and development of China’s shipbuilding, electric lamps, telecommunications, rail transport, aircraft manufacturing and other modern industries. They introduced western advanced technology, spread the Chinese and western cultures, and promoted the process of modernization in China. They faced the enemy, argued strongly on just grounds when negotiating, fight dauntlessly at the battlefield, sacrificed their lives nobly. Lin Zexu, Yan Fu, Zhan Tianyou, Deng Shichang, Shen Baozhen and other national elites and patriots let the world know the backbone, wisdom and strength of Fuzhou people for the first time.
It is the history of pride of Fuzhou people for more than a hundred years and the spiritual treasures of Chinese nation passing on from generation to generation. Nowadays, excavation, organization, study of Chuanzheng culture is of far-reaching significance to carry forward the essence of Chuanzheng culture and create a good cultural atmosphere of deepening of opening up to the outside world and boosting development of Fuzhou.